From Manila only.
The archipelago is very rich in timber, notwithstanding that the exploitation for building purposes has been going on for over 300 years, and exportation was once very large ; nor have new plantations ever been thought of. Sapan-wood for dyeing purposes is also a product of the islands, and there is a regular, though small, export trade done in it. That the Philippines are among the most fertile colonies on the face of the earth is well known and has been frequently commented upon. It is less generally known that they are also among the most neglected colonies in the world. According to the Spanish authorities themselves, only one-tenth of the available arable land is under cultivation ; as a matter of fact the amount is much less. What might not be made of this beau-ti ful country were this mismanagement to be brought to an end. Cattle-breeding has been carried on by some mestizos for many years, evidently with success or the business would have died out. Of late it has been found more profitable to import the extremely cheap Queensland cattle. But the fact that cattle thrive almost everywhere is a proof that cattle-breeding on an extensive scale is possible. A small number of sheep are imported from China for consumption by foreigners. It is by no means improbable, however, that in some provinces, at any rate, they would thrive well. There are but few goats. Of swine and poultry, on the other hand, there is a surplus, the flesh of the former especially forming a favorite article of diet with the natives. In addition to the small but very tough horses, resembling those of Java, that most useful of domestic animals, the ” cara-bao,” or black (gray) buffalo, thrives abundantly. The white species is also occasionally to be found. The buffalo is employed for many purposesfor working the pumps on plantations, for sugar presses, and for draught purposes. In the mountains the buffalo is met with in the wild state. It is, however, undoubtedly only the domestic species that has been neglected. Nevertheless, in the course of years the degeneration has been so great that there now exists a clear distinction between the wild and the domestic buffalo. The wild animal has a more compact head and short horns, while the domestic animal has a long head with long, broad horns. Neither the horse nor the buffalo is indigenous to the Philippines; both have been imported by the Spaniards.